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Marine bio-diversity is the wide and large variability of life in the ocean/marine and this one plays a vital characteristic of all the three pillars of sustainable development (SD) of economic (viable), social (equity) and environmental (protection) supporting the well-being running of the earth planet and providing heap and vast services that reinforce the health, as well as the prosperity of the humankind. The ocean/Marine is one kind of the foremost sources of the universe/globe bio-diversity. It constitutes approx. 90% of the inhabitable place on the earth’s planet. It contains nearly 250,000 well - known species (flora and fauna), with many of the remaining to be discovered at least two - third of the globe’s ocean species are still un-identified. The ocean, and the life in there, are perilous to the good healthy functioning of the planet, supplying ½ of the oxygen we inhale breath and absorbing about 26 % of the anthropogenic carbon dioxide per annum discharged into the atmosphere. The fishing and aqua-culture industrial sectors are a main source of income for many people (hundreds of millions), particularly in low salaried families, and pay both directly and indirectly to their food safety and security. Marine/sea ecosystems provide heap of facilities for coastal/marine communities around the world. For example, an ecosystems of mangrove are most important resource of food for more than 210 million of population but they also provide other services, such as livings or livelihood, pure water, valuable forest product goods and protect them against destruction and risky weather events. In this article, the eminent role of pharmacology and nutraceuticals are discussed in detail.
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