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Introduction: The sella turcica, which is visible on conventional or digital lateral cephalography, is commonly traced for cephalometric analysis. About any pathology in the craniofacial area, this offers helpful diagnostic information. It is regarded as the most significant anatomical landmark for the purposes of orthodontics and may be clearly assessed on lateral cephalograms. Both its size and shape may exhibit anatomical variation. Individuals may have different sizes of Sella turcica. Aim: To assess any size discrepancy between men and women in the research population, as well as the sella turcica's average size and morphological variability among different age groups. Objectives: To ascertain the relationship between age and gender and the morphological differences of the sella turcica. Material and Method: The study focused on 100 previously acquired lateral cephalometric radiographs of patients from the Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology who met the selection criteria. These patients were divided into two groups, Group 1 for subjects between the ages of 10 and 19 and Group 2 for subjects between the ages of 20 and 30. In order to distinguish the morphological variety of sella turcica from normal morphology, linear measurements (Size) in sella turcica were taken in accordance with Silverman's guidelines. Results: The study found that, except from width, males had higher linear measurements than females. In contrast to other morphologies, the normal sella turcica shape, an irregular dorsum, and a double contour were more frequently seen in females than in males. Conclusion: The study found that, although it was not statistically supported, the form and size of the sella turcica varies according to participant's age and gender.
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