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Aim: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of herbal, chlorhexidine, and saturated saline mouthwash on the oral hygiene status of children with visual impairment.
Methodology: A total of 42 children with visual impairments, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years old, were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group A (Herbal), Group B (Chlorhexidine), or Group C (Saturated Saline). The level of oral hygiene was evaluated for each group using the "Silness-Loe Plaque index (PI)" and the "Gingival Index (GI) by Loe and Sillness" at the beginning of the study as well as after 21 and 45 days had passed.
Results: At the 45th day, Group B had the lowest plaque index and gingival index (PI=0.890.06, GI=0.830.04), followed by Group A (PI=0.960.06, GI=0.970.04) and Group C (PI=1.160.07, GI=1.250.07). However, no statistically significant difference in plaque index (P=0.019) or gingival index (P=0.173) was identified between Group A and Group B at the 45th day. At the 45th day, there was a statistically significant difference between Group A-Group C and Group B-Group C for both plaque index and gingival index (P0.001).
Conclusion: Green tea mouthwash can be a viable alternative to chlorhexidine in reducing plaque index and gingival index. Using saturated saline mouthwash regularly can enhance a person's overall oral hygiene and hence it can be used as an economical and easily accessible alternative.
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