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A weed that grows wild across India is Tridax procumbens Linn. The plant was introduced to tropical Africa, Asia, and Australia from tropical America, where it is native. Locals termed it "Ghamara," and in English, it is sometimes referred to as "coat buttons." Some Ayurvedic practitioners prescribe it as "Bhringraj" to promote hair development. The pharmacognostical investigations provide pharmacopoeial criteria like the physical constant and leaf constant. The results of the phytochemical screening indicated the presence of tannins, alkaloids, carotenoids, flavonoids, fumaric acid, and -sitosterol. Carotenoids, saponins, oleanolic acid, and ions like sodium, potassium, and calcium are abundantly present in it. Its blooms have been found to contain glucoluteolin, quercetin, and isoquercetin. It is well-known for a variety of pharmacological effects, including hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, antidiabetic, hypotensive, immunomodulating, anticancer, antioxidant, bronchial catarrh, dysentery, diarrhoea, and antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It also prevents hair loss and stimulates hair growth. Conjunctivitis may be treated with the use of the leaf juice's antiseptic, insecticidal, and parasiticidal capabilities. It can also be used as an insect repellent and to stop bleeding from cuts, bruises, and wounds. This study focuses on the plant Tridax procumbens' widespread phytochemical composition and pharmacological properties.
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