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Primary dysmenorrhea has affected a large number of population over the globe, with the prevalence of 70.2% in Indian women. The pain usually initiates in the lower abdomen and may radiate to the lower back and thighs. Pain killers are a common choice of treatment in case of pain secondary to menstrual cramps but, it has a lot of side effects and it can only provide symptomatic relief. As a precaution to prevent this pain there are lot of exercise regime. As we know that cramp increases muscle tension, so it is necessary to focus on some relaxation along with the exercises. This study will basically prove the effect of relaxation along with exercises. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria 40 subjects were divided into 2 groups. In one group the subjects were given combination of progressive muscle relaxation along with chair aerobic exercises and in the other subjects were given chair aerobic exercises only. The interpretation of the study was done based on comparison of the pre-test and post-test assessment of Numerical Pain Rating Scale(NPRS) and Verbal Multidimensional Scoring System (VMSS). Comparison results from within the group (intra) showed that NPRS and VMSS scale were significant in both the groups (p<0.0001). Comparison results of both the groups (inter) showed that combination of both relaxation and exercises was statistically significant in reducing NPRS score (p=0.5725) and VMSS score (p=0.0009) than chair aerobics individually in females having primary dysmenorrhoea. The combination of progressive muscle relaxation along with chair aerobic exercises was significantly effective in reducing the intensity of pain in females suffering from primary dysmenorrhea.
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