Reconceptualization of Themes Violence, Corruption in Dystopian Literature by Mario Vargas Llosa
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The definition of dystopia has undergone various changes, one of which is the one connected to pandemic fiction. In these articles, scenes of fear, worry, and surveillance in civilizations afflicted by different themes are described. This paper does a qualitative analysis of a novel ‘Captain Pantoja and his Special Service’ produced to comprehend the retrotopian viewpoint. According to the results, every novelist favoured the retrotopian perspective, imagining a perfect past as a more reasonable way to deal with their horrific present. The main character of this works experiences trauma and sees the end of the world both internally and externally, yet they are all on a journey into the past and looking for their lost identities. This study covers a research void in the area of dystopian literature pertaining to historical or retrotopian studies. Additionally, it would provide fresh opportunities to investigate the potential for experimenting with developing a novel theory or genre.
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