Clinical Presentation of Chronic HBV Infection Among Sudanese Patients at A Tertiary Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

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Amel Musa M. Kheir
Bushra Mohamed Ibnouf
Musa Kheir
Sufian Khalid Noor
Mohamed Osman Elamin
Ahmed A. Osman
Fowzi Omer Elamin
Hatim A. Natto


Background:HBV (HBV) infection is one of the major health problems in Sudan and throughout the world.

Aims: We aimed to identify the characteristics of patients having a chronic hepatitis B based on the initial and follow-up clinical evaluations.

Setting and design: Methods and Material: This is a cross-sectional descriptive analysis of clinical and laboratory data of adults’ chronic carriers of HBsAg, not exposed to treatment, with at least two outpatient consultations, between April 2020 and August 2020 in the hepatology outpatient clinic of the Ibn SinaSpecialised Hospital, Sudan.

Statistical analysis:We conducted data analysis by using the computer program Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23(IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results obtained were presented in tables and figures. Frequencies and percentages were used in the tables.

Results: A total of 98 consecutive patients were included in the study, we find that (84.7%) of patientshadnegative(HBeAg), (1%) had hepatitis C coinfection, (4.1%) had cirrhosis, and (1%) had hepatocellular carcinoma, while (77.6%) of them had a viral load of ≥ 2000 IU/ml.Conclusion: Chronic hepatitis B infection in Sudan is one of the health problems that occurred in middle and low socioeconomic status.

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M. Kheir, A. M. ., Ibnouf, B. M. ., Kheir, M. ., Noor, S. K. ., Elamin, M. O. ., Osman, A. A. ., Elamin, F. O. ., & Natto, H. A. . (2023). Clinical Presentation of Chronic HBV Infection Among Sudanese Patients at A Tertiary Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(1), 291–298. Retrieved from


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