Prevalence of Accidental Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Seropositivity among Patients Scheduled for Cataract Surgery is Evaluated.
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Background: In the entire world, cataract surgery is the most common type of operation. The goal of the current study was to determine the prevalence of accidental hepatitis B and hepatitis C seropositivity among cataract surgery patients.
Materials and Methods: ighty five patients with cataracts of both sexes had their eyes examined by a skilled ophthalmologist. A fast diagnostic antibody test kit was used to determine the presence of hepatitis B and C in five ml of venous blood that had been aspirated from the ante-cubital fossa.
Results: Fifty two of the Eighty two cases were male, and thirty two were female. Eight HBsAg positive and twelve negative individuals were in the twenty–forty year age range. In the forty to sixty year age range, twelve HBsAg positive and eighteen negative. There were twenty negative and fifteen positive HBsAg results for people aged sixty to eighty. The variation was substantial. There were fifteen female and twenty male HBsAg positive individuals. The variation was substantial. Sixteen HCV tests were negative and four were positive in people aged twenty to forty. Twenty HCV tests were negative and six were positive in the forty–sixty age range. Thirty four HCV tests were negative and five were positive in people aged sixty to eighty. The variation was substantial. There were six women and nine men who tested positive for HCV. The variation was substantial.
Conclusion: Patients with cataracts had a higher frequency of hepatitis B than hepatitis C. It should be obligatory to perform a routine serological screening before surgery so that asymptomatic patients don't continue to be a hazard to the disease's spread.
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