A Comparison Between Titanium Straight Miniplates Versus Titanium Y Plate in Fixation of Condylar Fracture-A Randomized Clinical Trial
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Introduction: Following nasal bone, Mandible comes in the second position in facial fractures. It is fractured in spite of being the strongest and longest bone in the face. Fractures of Mandibular Condyle account for approximately 10%-40% at the time of its comparison with different anatomical sites. Presence of controversy occurs while managing the fractures of condylar. The specific aim of this current study refers to the evaluation of both stability along with complications present in Titanium Straight Miniplate and Y plate in condylar fractures. Materials and Methods: There were a division of 44 patients having condylar fractures into two groups in this specific study. Those specific groups include Straight Mini Plate and Y Plate. There were an evaluation of infection present in the mouth with mouth opening and plate position before one week, month and three months. There were the utilization of “Fisher Exact Test” and “Independent T Test” for assessing the relation in the middle of categorical and continuous variable. Results : The mean age of the patients in straight and Y plate group are 21.45 土 5.67 and 20.98 土 4.23 respectively. Also, 59.09% males and 40.91% females were present in the study. In the patients with Y plates, presence of infection was significantly lower and stability was significantly higher than the control group with straight mini plates. Similarly in the patients with Y plate, mouth opening was significantly higher than the patients with straight plates at p<0.05. Conclusion : Results of satisfactory treatment have been assured by applying Titanium Y Plate in the case of stable osteosynthesis in Condylar fractures. The assurance has been given both by radiological perspective and clinical perspective.
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