The Effectiveness of Exclusive Breastfeeding Complementary Foods Training on Knowledge of Stunted Mothers with Children under Two Years Old in Kupang City, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Odi Lodia Namangdjabar
Alberth Matusalak Bau Mali
Loriana Lorinda Manalor
Agustina A. Seran
Serlyansie V. Boimau
Hasri Yulianti
Adriana M.S Boimau


Introduction. The prevalence of stunting under the age of five in East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT) was 84,299 children under the age of five in 2019. Kupang City is one of the areas in NTT Province that prioritizes addressing poverty and stunting in Indonesia. Data from the Kupang City Health Department shows that 3,898 children under the age of five (29.9%) were affected by stunting cases in 2019. In 2020, the incidence of stunting increased to 5,151 (32.3%). The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of Exclusive breastfeeding complementary foods training on the knowledge of stunted mothers in the city of Kupang. Method. This study is a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent pretest-posttest design with a control group, This design uses two measurements, namely before and after the procedure, This study compares the group that received the educational intervention as a treatment group and the group that received no treatment as a control group. Result. it is known that there is a significant difference in knowledge p-value (p) = 0.020. Conclusion. In summary, there is a significant difference between the knowledge that has received guidance and brochures and the knowledge that has received guidance.

Article Details

How to Cite
Odi Lodia Namangdjabar, Alberth Matusalak Bau Mali, Loriana Lorinda Manalor, Agustina A. Seran, Serlyansie V. Boimau, Hasri Yulianti, & Adriana M.S Boimau. (2023). The Effectiveness of Exclusive Breastfeeding Complementary Foods Training on Knowledge of Stunted Mothers with Children under Two Years Old in Kupang City, Indonesia. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(1), 1096–1101. Retrieved from


A.W. Onyango, E. Borghi, M. De Onis, M. Del Carmen Casanovas, and C. Garza, “Complementary feeding and attained linear growth among 6–23-month-old children,” Public Health Nutr., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1975–1983, 2014, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002401.

Abidin, A., Tasnim, T., Fatmawati, F. & Banudi, L. (2018). Risk Factors for Wasting in the Implementation of Full Day School for Children at Ummusabri Islamic Boarding School, Kendari. Journal Of Health Research" Voice Forikes"(Journal Of Health Research" Forikes Voice"), 9, 263- 268.

Amalo P. (2020). The number of stunting and malnutrition in the city of Kupang has soared.

Aridiyah, N. Rohmawati, and M. Ririanty. (2015). Factors Affecting Stunting on Toddlers in Rural and Urban Areas,” e-Jurnal Pustaka Kesehat., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 163–170, 2015, doi: 10.1007/s11746-013-2339-4.

Briend A, Khara T, Dolan C. Wasting and stunting--similarities and differences: policy and programmatic implications. Food Nutr Bull. 2015 Mar;36(1 Suppl):S15-23. doi: 10.1177/15648265150361S103. PMID: 25902610.

Candra, N. Puruhita, and J. Susanto. (2011). Risk Factors of Stunting among 1-2 Years Old Children in Semarang City,” M Med Indones., vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 206–212,

East Nusa Tenggara Health Office. (2018). East Nusa Tenggara Health Profile 2018,” in Kupang city health profile 2018, no. 0380,pp. 19–21.

Helmyati S. (2019). Stunting: Health Problems and Handling. UGM Press,

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018), National Riskesdas Report. Jakarta: Research and Development Ministry of Health, 2018.

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018). Stunting Bulletin, Ministry. healthy. RI, vol. 301, no. 5, pp. 1163–1178

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018). Indonesia Health Profile 2018 [Indonesia Health Profile 2018].

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018). The Situation of Short Toddlers in Indonesia, vol. ISSN 2442-, no. Children's day Toddler April 8th.

Irianto. (2014). Epidemiology of communicable and non-communicable diseases: a clinical guide. Bandung: Alphabet, pp.34-54

Katoch OR. (2021). Determinants of malnutrition among children: A systematic review. Nutrition. 2022 Apr;96:111565. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2021.111565. Epub 2021 Dec 11. PMID: 35066367.

Kisman, Supodo. T, Munir. S, La Banudi. (2020). The effect of providing counseling methods on mothers' knowledge about stunting. Journal of Food Nutrition Media, Vol. 27, Issue 1, 2020

Kohlmann K, Sudfeld CR, Garba S, Guindo O, Grais RF, Isanaka S. (2012). Exploring the relationships between wasting and stunting among a cohort of children under two years of age in Niger. BMC Public Health. 21;21(1):1713. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11689-6. PMID: 34548050; PMCID: PMC8454021.

Ni'mah K. and S. R. Nadhiroh. (2015). Factors Associated with Stunting in Toddlers," Indonesian Nutrition Media., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2015, [Online]. Available:

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Health education and behavior. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Suhron M, A Yusuf, R Subarniati, F Amir, Z Zainiyah. (2020). How does forgiveness therapy versus emotion -focused therapy reduce violent behavior schizophrenia post restrain at East Java, Indonesia?. In ternational Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) 9 (4), 214-219

Suhron M., (2016). Self-concept nursing care: Self-esteem/ Self-concept nursing care: Self-esteem (Self-esteem nursing care),” Publisher, Ponorogo: Unmuh Ponorogo Press.

Suhron, M. (2017). Mental Nursing Care The concept of Self Esteem/Care of Mental Nursing The concept of self-esteem”. Jakarta: Media Discourse Partners; 2017

Thurstans S, Sessions N, Dolan C, Sadler K, Cichon B, Isanaka S, Roberfroid D, Stobaugh H, Webb P, Khara T. (2021). The relationship between wasting and stunting in young children: A systematic review. Matern Child Nutr. 2022 Jan;18(1):e13246. doi: 10.1111/mcn.13246. PMID: 34486229; PMCID: PMC8710094.

Trihono et al. (2015). Short (Stunting) in Indonesia, Problems and Solutions. (Health Research and Development Agency)

Ulep VGT, Uy J, Casas LD.(2021).What explains the large disparity in child stunting in the Philippines? A decomposition analysis. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Nov;25(11):2995-3007. doi: 10.1017/S136898002100416X.. PMID: 34602121.

WHO, UNICEF & Group (2018). Levels and Trends in Child Malnuutrition,” pp. 1–16

Yusuf, Ah., Rika, S., Suhron, M.. (2019). Assessment of the Kempe Family Stress Inventory in self-care post-restrain schizophrenia," International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) , vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 55-59