Effectiveness of Forward Walking and Retro Walking on Balance and Walking Speed in Geriatric Population
Main Article Content
BACKGROUND- All of our systems and tissues are affected by ageing, which is a fundamental process. Aging reduces one's muscle strength, balance, and walking speed. By preventing the onset of a handicap, regular walking enhances the quality of life for the elderly and interrupts the cycle of incapacity. OBJECTIVES- Examining the effects of forward and backward walking on the stability and gait velocity of the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY- A total of 48 participants were chosen at random and split in half. Each group had 5 minutes to warm up and cool down. During the 20 minutes, Group A walked in a Forward direction while Group B walked in a Reverse direction. Each treatment lasted 30 minutes, 3 times each week, for a total of 4 weeks. Performance oriented mobility assessment (POMA) and the Multi-directional Reach Test (MDRT) were used to measure stability and gait speed, respectively. We measured every result both before and after the intervention. RESULT AND CONCLUSSION- Within-group analysis showed statistically significant differences between both groups on the MDRT and the POMA, with the exception of the POMA scale in Group A. POMA T(Total), MDRT Group B showed statistically significant improvement according to the between groups analysis. As a result, both groups were successful in helping the geriatric population's balance and walking speed.Retro walking was found to be superior to forward walking.
Denham harman. The aging process. Proc. Nattl. Acad. sci. USA. 1981; 78:7124-7128
Nrinder Kaur multani, Satish Kumar Verma.Principles of geriatric physiotherapy. New Delhi: Jaypee brothers’ medical publishers (p) LTD, 2007.Chapter 1: Introduction to geriatric physiotherapy; p.2
A Shankar IAS parliament. State of world population report. India: UNFPA;2019.
Susan B. O’Sullivan, Thomas J. Schmitz. Physical rehabilitation.6th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee brothers’ medical publisher (p) LTD, 2014. Chapter 6: Examination of coordination and balance; p.226.
Hyun-Gyu Cha, PT, PhD, Tae-hoon Kim,PT, PhD, et al. Therapeutic efficacy of walking backward and forward on a slop in normal adults. J. Phys. Ther. sci. 2016; 28:1901-1903.
Ambrose, A.F., Paul, G. and Hausdorff, J.M., 2013. Risk factors for falls among older adults: a review of the literature. Maturitas, 75(1), pp.51-61.
Battaglia, G., Giustino, V., Messina, G., Faraone, M., Brusa, J., Bordonali, A., Barbagallo, M., Palma, A. and Dominguez, L.J., 2020. Walking in natural environments as geriatrician’s recommendation for fall prevention: preliminary outcomes from the “passiata day” model. Sustainability, 12(7), p.2684.
Threkeld AJ, Horn TS, Wojtowicz GM, Rooney JG, Shapiro R. Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1989;11:56–63.
Minhyeon Lee, Jungyoon Kim, et al. Kinematic and kinetic analysis during forward and backward walking. Gait and posture. 2013; 38:674-678.
van Deursen, R.W., Flynn, T.W., McCrory, J.L. and Morag, E., 1998. Does a single control mechanism exist for both forward and backward walking?. Gait & Posture, 7(3), pp.214-224.
Hackney, M.E. and Earhart, G.M., 2008. Tai Chi improves balance and mobility in people with Parkinson disease. Gait & posture, 28(3), pp.456-460.