Effectiveness of Active Release Technique Versus Corrective Exercises in the Management of Upper Cross Syndrome

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Jerin Thomas
Smita Patil


Background: Upper crossed syndrome is caused by tight upper trapezius and levator scapulae, tight lower and middle trapezius, tight suboccipital muscles and sternocleidomastoid, tight serratus anterior, and tight pectoralis major and minor.  Upper cross syndrome causes the elevator scapulae, upper trapezius, and pectoralis minor muscles to stiffen and shorten from their original length, occasionally involving the pectoralis major muscle. Upper crossed syndrome is characterized by a forward head posture (FHP), a hunched thoracic spine (rounded upper back), elevated and protruding shoulders, and a rounded upper back. Scapular winging and reduced thoracic spine mobility. Manual material handling activities, such as workers who perform their duties in an inconvenient position and repeat the same action throughout the workday, can sometimes result in musculoskeletal disorders. Methodology: The study was a comparative study conducted among both male and female participants held at the Krishna college of physiotherapy, where the subjects were assessed and data collection was done. All the participants were selected by random sampling method. Each of them was assessed by forward neck posture, rounded, protracted, or elevated shoulders. The individuals diagnosed with upper cross syndrome the age group between 18 - 40 years are only eligible for the study. Results: Data from fifty Upper cross syndrome patients were obtained and analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics, as well as student's paired and unpaired t tests, were used in the statistical study. The study's programme of choice was SPSS 27.0, and the relevance cut off was set at p<0.05. Conclusion: : With what we know about ART so far, we may infer that it will be helpful in alleviating UCS symptoms.

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Thomas, J. ., & Patil, S. . (2023). Effectiveness of Active Release Technique Versus Corrective Exercises in the Management of Upper Cross Syndrome. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(1), 1145–1149. Retrieved from https://www.jclmm.com/index.php/journal/article/view/485


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