A Review of the Evaluation of Atrial Fibrillation through Electrocardiography and Echocardiography

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Vivek E. Redkar
Patange Aparna P.
Gharge Sushilkumar Sunil


While isolated AF may occur in a heart with no structural abnormalities, the condition is more often linked to risk factors such as hypertension or coronary artery disease. Rheumatic mitral stenosis stands out as the most common cause. In the industrialized world, the leading causes of death are hypertension (HTN) or coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, and prior myocardial infarction are additional risk factors (MI). Low-incidence clinical hyperthyroidism has also been linked to new-onset atrial fibrillation. Rheumatic heart disease, high blood pressure, and congenital heart defects (CHD) are major contributors in third world nations.

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Redkar, V. E. ., Aparna P., P. ., & Sushilkumar Sunil, G. . (2023). A Review of the Evaluation of Atrial Fibrillation through Electrocardiography and Echocardiography. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(1), 1442–1446. Retrieved from https://www.jclmm.com/index.php/journal/article/view/539


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