Root Canal Configuration in Maxillary First Premolars: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Study in Gujarat Population
Main Article Content
Introduction: Success of endodontic therapy is based on meticulous root-canal cleaning and shaping, proper obturation, and leakage proof coronal restorations. Understanding of the complex internal anatomy of the root canal system is critical for the same. Variations in Root canal anatomy exist among different ethnic background. Maxillary first premolars is the most arduous teeth to be treated endodontically due to its variation in number of roots, canal configuration, direction and longitudinal depressions on the roots, and various pulp cavity configurations. Recent advancement in imaging techniques provides additional information on 3D representation of the structures. Hence here is an attempt to evaluate root and root canal configuration of maxillary first premolars using pre-existing CBCT database.
Materials and Method: CBCT databases of 100 patients (53 male, 47 females; 17-70 years) were collected from different CBCT Centers with patient’s personal. Maxillary first premolars were analyzed in 3 planes (sagittal, coronal and axial) for the number of roots and canal configuration as per Vertucci’s classification.
Results: The most prevalent root canal configuration for single rooted and two rooted maxillary first premolar was Type IV. There was no significant difference observed among genders in Maxillary first premolars in Gujarat population.
Conclusion: Maxillary first premolar has more predominant single root and Type IV canal in Gujarat population.
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