Evaluation of Methods of Determining Indicators of Physical Development of Children and Adolescents in the Population
Main Article Content
he evaluation of methods of determining indicators of physical development in children and adolescents is an important aspect of population-based research. This scientific article presents a comprehensive review of various methods used to evaluate physical development in this population, including anthropometric measurements, bioelectrical impedance analysis, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The article discusses the advantages and limitations of each method and their applicability in different settings. The importance of accurate and reliable indicators of physical development in children and adolescents cannot be overstated, as they provide critical information for assessing health and wellbeing, monitoring growth, and identifying potential health risks. This article aims to provide researchers, clinicians, and public health practitioners with a better understanding of the various methods available for evaluating physical development indicators in children and adolescents and their implications for improving health outcomes.
Flegal, K. M., Wei, R., & Ogden, C. L. (2002). Weight-for-stature compared with body mass index-for-age growth charts for the United States from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 75(5), 761–766.
Kuczmarski, R. J., Ogden, C. L., Guo, S. S., Grummer-Strawn, L. M., Flegal, K. M., Mei, Z., … Johnson, C. L. (2002). 2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development. Vital and Health Statistics. Series 11, Data from the National Health Survey, (246), 1–190.
World Health Organization. (2006). WHO child growth standards: length/height-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age: methods and development. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/924154693X
National Center for Health Statistics. (2018). Anthropometry procedures manual. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhanes/nhanes_17_18/manuals/Anthropometry_Procedures_Manual.pdf
Kyle, U. G., Schutz, Y., & Dupertuis, Y. M. (2003). Body composition interpretation: Contributions of the fat-free mass index and the body fat mass index. Nutrition, 19(7-8), 597–604.
Kotler, D. P., Burastero, S., Wang, J., & Pierson, R. N. (1996). Prediction of body cell mass, fat-free mass, and total body water with bioelectrical impedance analysis: effects of race, sex, and disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Franks, P. W., Hanson, R. L., Knowler, W. C., Sievers, M. L., & Bennett, P. H. (2013). Look ahead: adiposity, inflammation, and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 98(4), 1295-1301.
Khemka, S., Kaur, P., Sharma, P., & Singh Gill, J. P. (2019). Ethnic differences in biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk. Indian J Clin Biochem, 34(4), 367-376.
Goran M, Fields DA, Hunter GR, Herd SL, Weinsier RL. Total body fat does not influence maximal aerobic capacity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Mar;24(3):841-8.
Pond WG, Mersmann HJ. Biology of the Domestic Pig. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell; 2001.
Stahl T, Rieger MA. Non-invasive methods for the determination of body composition in rural Gambian infants. Acta Paediatr. 2005 Jul;94(7):902-7.
Thangavelu M, Al Mulla F, Akbar NS. Practical considerations for conducting pediatric research. Front Pediatr. 2017 Oct 3;5:202.
Veldwijk J, Lambooij MS, de Bekker-Grob EW, Smit HA, de Wit GA. The importance of parental beliefs and support for the uptake of adolescent pertussis vaccination. Vaccine. 2018 Oct 8;36(42):6266-73.
Zhang Y, Fang L, Yun CY, Piao JY, Wang ZH, Liu YQ. Comparison of two-point methods for estimating body composition in Chinese children using air displacement plethysmography as a criterion method. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 May