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Introduction: COVID-19 has been linked to a variety of cardiac conditions, including myocarditis, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure. On the other hand, neither the prevalence nor the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients' cardiac problems are known. The purpose of this research was to investigate the frequency of COVID-19 cardiac issues among patients who were admitted to tertiary care centres for medical treatment.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on a group of 500 patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19 and admitted to a tertiary care facility between January 2021 and June 2022. After analysing the patients' medical records, data was collected on the patients' demographics, comorbidities, laboratory results, electrocardiograms (ECG), echocardiograms, and cardiac biomarkers. An examination of the frequency of cardiac issues and a determination of the nature of the connection between cardiac complications and death rates are both included.
Results: The findings showed that out of a total of 500 patients, 75 (15%) had heart problems. Myocarditis, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure were the most common cardiac complications. The percentage of patients who passed away due to cardiac difficulties was three times higher (35%) than the percentage of patients who did not have cardiac complications (10%). Patients who had cardiac issues, on average, were older (65.2± 8.7) than patients who did not have cardiac complications, who were 54.6±10.4 years old. According to a multivariate study, factors such as an individual's age, being male, having hypertension or diabetes, and having elevated cardiac biomarkers were all independent predictors of cardiac issues in COVID-19 individuals.
Conclusion: In conclusion, cardiac issues are associated with a greater mortality rate, and they are rather common among COVID-19 patients who are admitted to tertiary care centres. Early diagnosis and treatment of heart conditions may be beneficial. Patients diagnosed with COVID-19 have a more favourable prognosis.
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