Postpartum Females -Effects of Deep Core Stability Exercises Versus Pilates Exercises for Diastasis Recti. -A Randomized Controlled Trial of Coastal Patients
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BACKGROUND: Diastasis recti, or the division of abdominal muscles, can occur in coastal patients as a result of factors such as pregnancy, weight gain, and physical activity. Diastasis rectus abdominis (DRA), or a gap of the inter-recti at the centre, is a common health problem which impacts all pregnant and postpartum women who have a split of more than 2 cm at one or more locations along the linea alba. Symptoms of diastasis recti may include a bulge or pooch in the abdomen, lower back pain, poor posture, and difficulty engaging the core muscles. Diastasis recti can also contribute to pelvic floor dysfunction and urinary incontinence. Pilates and deep core stability exercises is a form of exercise with goals of improving flexibility, core strength, Posture and coordinate movement. The study aimed to compare the effect of deep core stability exercises versus Pilates exercises to evaluate which of these treatment protocols prove to be more efficient in decreasing inter recti distance and waist hip ratio in postpartum females with diastasis recti.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the deep core stability exercises versus Pilate’s exercises to evaluate which of these treatment protocol is more effective in treating diastasis recti.
METHODOLOGY: In a study of 20 subjects with diastasis recti , postpartum females were randomly divided into 2 groups with 10 subjects each in Group A and Group B. Subject were selected between the age between 20- 35. Group A underwent deep core stability exercise along with conventional exercises (n = 10) and Group B underwent pilates exercises along with conventional exercises (n= 10). The subject were submitted to inter recti distance test by Vernier calliper and waist hip ratio by using inch tape before and after the 6 weeks intervention. The pre-test value and post-test value were calculated after the intervention.
RESULT: The data were analyzed and interpreted by using the SPSS version. There was a significant reduction in inter-recti distance and waist-hip ratio in both groups and a significant difference was found between the two groups (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: From the above study we conclude that Group A and Group B both were effective in decreasing the diastasis recti gap but compare to these two group pilates exercises (Group B) is more effective than deep core stability exercises (Group B) in reducing inter recti distance and waist-hip ratio caused by diastasis recti in this special population of postpartum females. The need for this type of special education needs to be emphasized.
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