Effect of High Intensity Interval Training on Body Mass Index, Plasma Glucose and Insulin Among Individuals with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Living in the South Indian Coast
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BACKGROUND Coastal life may offer chances for physical exercise, such as swimming or strolling on the beach, which can be helpful for treating PCOS. 15% to 20% of women of reproductive age are affected by the common metabolic and endocrine disorder known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).It is linked to an increase in the occurrence of a number of clinical issues, such as infertility, insulin resistance, menstrual irregularities, and obesity. For women with PCOS, The most common methods remain dietary adjustments and weight loss.. Any form of special education may benefit this category of patients as intense physiotherapy.
AIM: The present investigation sought to determine how high-intensity interval training affected body mass index, plasma glucose and insulin levels in people with polycystic ovarian syndrome..
METHODOLOGY: The population comprised of 30 individuals who were aged between 18 to 40 and diagnosed with PCOS were included and divided into two groups i.e., group A -(experimental group) (n=15) and group B - (control group) (n=15). Group A participants performed high intensity interval training along with medications while group B participants followed the medications alone. Intervention was done for 40 minutes every day, 4 days per week for the duration of 6 weeks. Body mass index, plasma venous glucose and insulin were measured before and after the intervention period.
RESULTS: Group A (experimental group) has shown significant reduction in body mass index, plasma glucose and insulin compared to the baseline (p < 0.05). However, group B (the control group) did not experience any significant changes in body mass index, plasma glucose, or insulin.) (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: In polycystic ovarian syndrome patients, high-intensity interval exercise improved metabolic health and body weight.
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