Obesity and Copd Severity: An Observational Cross-Sectional Study

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Bhavesh Patel
Mugdha Kadam
Divyesh Patel
Ujwal Jain
Sonal Goyal


INTRODUCTION: COPD is a frequent chronic condition. Although the fact that losing weight is common in individuals with COPD, previous research has shown that approximately 65 percent of COPD patients are overweight or obese.1 Body mass index is a substantial risk factor for mortality from COPD. However, trustworthy data on stratified weight recommendations for COPD remain scarce. The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between BMI and COPD severity grades so as to enhance patient care.2 The study's goal was to determine BMI in persons with COPD.

AIM: To investigate BMI in individuals with COPD. 

METHOD AND MATERIAL: For a duration of one and a half years, an observational cross-sectional study was conducted in our Tertiary Care Centre's Respiratory Medicine department. The study included 102 people over the age of 40 who had COPD according to spirometry (FEV1/FVC <0.7). The complete information provided by patients was attained and analysed using statistical tools. 

RESULTS: In this study, 102 people participated. The majority of patients (46 in total) were aged 61-70 years. In the research, 35 patients (34.3%) were overweight and 67 (65.7%) had normal BMI. Overweight was seen in 25% of Stage 1 COPD patients, 29% were with Stage 2, 44.4% with Stage 3, and 43.7% with Stage 4.

CONCLUSION:These data suggest that the rise in BMI and overweight is associated with an elevation in COPD severity. Stages 3 and 4 of COPD had the largest prevalence of overweight people, based on GOLD staging.

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How to Cite
Bhavesh Patel, Mugdha Kadam, Divyesh Patel, Ujwal Jain, & Sonal Goyal. (2023). Obesity and Copd Severity: An Observational Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(1), 2596–2601. Retrieved from https://www.jclmm.com/index.php/journal/article/view/723


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